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Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday

Paruku

Artist(s): Kampirr Veronica Lulu, Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday, Wijiji Anna Johns,Japurra Wendy Wise, Mikarri Shirley Brown, Jamiya Chamia Samuels,Tanja Lyn Manson, Nana Daisy Kungah and Kim Mahood

Date created: 2007
Art Centre(s): Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Size: 305.5x138
Medium: acrylic on canvas

Artwork Story: In 2001 the native title rights of the Tjurabalan people were recognised by the Federal Court of Australia. More than 4300 square kilometres of their traditional lake Country was declared to be an Indigenous Protected Area.

Today the Paruku Indigenous Protected Area is managed by Tjurabalan traditional owners. Its diverse activities focus on protecting cultural heritage, managing the Paruku (Lake Gregory) lake system’s ecological biodiversity and passing on traditional knowledge to younger generations.

Kartiya used to keep him, that land, but people knew it was for them. My brother [Rex Johns] said, ‘We gotta keep the stories alive, the land alive. We all staying in Mulan now, that’s our country.’
Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday, Halls Creek, 2007

As part of the management of their lands, Paruku artists have been producing extraordinary hybrid maps, which fuse the topographic detail of Western mapmaking with fields of intricate dotting. This map of Paruku shows the rich plant food and medicinal resources surrounding the lake country and the traditional burning practices still employed by Tjurabalan people to maintain its vitality.

Paruku Indigenous Protected Area Collection

Collection: Nabung Collection
Location depicted: Paruku (Lake Gregory)
Place of creation: Lake Stretch
Latitude/Longitude: -19.0796/128.2542

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Kampirr Veronica Lulu, Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday, Wijiji Anna Johns, Japurra Wendy Wise, Mikarri Shirley Brown, Jamiya Chamia Samuels, Tanja Lyn Manson, Nana Daisy Kungah and Kim Mahood
Catalogue ID: WW/BD/VL/CS/AJ/SB/127/PAR
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Jason McCarthy
Photograph date: 2009-06-26
Photography copyright: National Museum of Australia
Format: Image
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
Kampirr Veronica Lulu
born 1952
Walmajarri language group
Napangarti skin group
Mulan community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
[We always sit together and talk about Paruku. My father used to tell story and sing song for Sturt Creek, teach all the kids.

Lulu was born and grew up around Nyarna (Lake Stretch). Before settling at Mulan in her father’s homeland, she lived at Billiluna station and then Balgo, where she helped establish Palyalatju Maparnpa health service. Today she works for Paruku Indigenous Protected Area and paints for both Paruku and Warlayirti art centres.

Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday
born about 1940s
Walmajarri language group
Napangarti skin group
Mulan community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Bessie was born near Billiluna and worked at the old station before travelling to Fitzroy Crossing and Christmas Creek, where her brother Yanpiyarti Ned Cox was living. After returning to Balgo, Bessie’s father, Tiger, and brother, Rex Johns, began advocating for their people to return to Paruku and establish Mulan community.

My brother [Rex Johns] said, ‘We gotta keep the stories alive, the land alive’.

Wijiji Anna Johns
born 1949, died 2013
Ngardi language group
Nakamarra skin group
Mulan community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
I was schooling there until I got married in 1968. That’s how I got out of the dormitory.

Anna was born at old Balgo but was taken by nuns and raised in the mission, where she learned English before her own Ngardi language. She and her husband, Rex Johns, worked on stations, raised five children and lived at Balgo before setting up Mulan community.

Japurra Wendy Wise
born 1960, died 2011
Walmajarri language group
Nakarra skin group
Mulan community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Wendy was born at Kurungal near Christmas Creek and grew up in Billiluna. She now lives in Mulan, at the northern end of the Canning Stock Route. Wendy is the sister of Milkujung Jewess James and cousin-sister of Clifford Brooks. Her mother married Rover Thomas’s brother, Whisky. She calls Rover ‘Father’ and Nyuju Stumpy Brown ‘Auntie’. Wendy works closely with Paruku Indigenous Protected Area on cultural projects.

Mikarri Shirley Brown
born 1961
Walmajarri language group
Nangala skin group
Mulan community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Shirley is the daughter of Bessie Doonday and Malcolm Brown, whose father was the Billiluna station manager, Len Brown. She was born in Billiluna and grew up with her grandmother in Alice Springs. In 2001 her elders asked her to set up the Paruku Indigenous Protected Area (IPA). Shirley continues to work for the IPA today, running Caring for Country, Ranger and Collecting Traditional Knowledge programs.

Jamiya Chamia Samuels
born about 1939
Walmajarri language group
Nyapuru skin group
Billiluna community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Chamia’s Country is Nyarna (Lake Stretch), where she was born with green budgerigar Dreaming. Chamia’s father, Wimpingkil Roger, was a drover on the Canning Stock Route, and as a girl she worked on Billiluna station. Chamia is a senior and respected law woman and has spent many years teaching children and young women the songs, stories, dances and cultural knowledge of their Country.

Tanja Lyn Manson
born 1944
Walmajarri language group
Nakarra skin group
Billiluna community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Lyn was born at Moola Bulla station. As a child she walked with her mother to Ruby Plains, where they settled and worked on the station. After her first children were born, Lyn walked to Billiluna, looking for her family. Although many people left Billiluna when the station manager became threatening, Lyn’s family remained and successfully advocated for the establishment of Billiluna community.

Nana Daisy Kungah
born about 1940s
Walmajarri language group
Napanangka skin group
Billiluna community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
We doing painting for IPA [Paruku Indigenous Protected Area], telling story about old-people-time.

Daisy belongs to both Paruku, her mother’s Country, and Kaningarra (Well 48), her father’s Country. She was born and grew up in the Sturt Creek area, before coming to Billiluna as a teenager. Today she works closely with the IPA, teaching children about their culture and Country.

Kim Mahood
born 1953 Braidwood, New South Wales
Kim was born in Perth and grew up in Central Australia and in cattle country on Mongrel Downs station in the Tanami Desert. An artist and writer, her memoir Craft for a Dry Lake was published in 2000 and won the 2001 New South Wales Premier’s Award and the Age non-fiction Book of the Year. She has been working with Paruku artists on cultural mapping projects since 2005.
Artwork Diagram: paruku_various_detail

Accession ID: 20131014_FORM_MIRA_B0045_0010

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday

Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday - Barrumundi Dreaming [ORAL HISTORY]
Synopsis: Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday gives a brief description of Barrumundi Dreaming, the Kiki story, and Kiji Country.

Date: 2009-03
Art centre(s): Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Language spoken: English, Walmajarri
Catalogue number: CSROH_161A_Kurpaliny_Bessie_Doonday
Date: 2009-03
Location Recorded: Mulan
Latitude/Longitude: -20.102778/127.595278

Cultural Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on Use
Access: Public
Notes: Bessie and her daughter May Stundi (Doonday) explained that this story contains Traditional Knowledge that Raymond Chungulla has the rights to speak for. It is unclear in this transcript what is paraphrased and what is direct quotation.
Full transcript: Barramundi dreaming is Kumirrki’s dreaming. Pirnang pirnang – all the sisters’ Dreaming for barramundi. Kumirrki is mother for Tiger – is also Granny for Bessie and Megan and Lulu, Leonard and Pyes. Kumirrki died at Sturt Creek and Evelyn Clancy’s husband found her there. Ned Cox – Kiki story, Kiki was Ned’s grandfather. The story of the two dingos chasing the emu at Paruku comes from Mangkayi. The white dingo travelled from there. Two dogs been meet ‘emself at Wirriyarra [Well 51].

All the men’s stories were Bessie’s fathers. He passed them on to Bessie’s husband Bill Doonday. Kiji [bone] Country. Snake been eating all the people near Tarngku because they didn’t give the willy wagtail any presents at law time. Evelyn’s husband’s mother used to hide him from drovers – they might take him. Kurliny [wild] Jack family – those cheeky two murderers – Penny K-Lyons husband.

END
Video format: on miniDVD/DVD
Video recording: 151 MONA CHUGUNA, NORA TJOOKOOTJA, BESSIE, MAY AND BILL DOONDAY
Source: CSROH_161A_Kurpaliny_Bessie_Doonday
Rights: Cultural Owner & Storyteller: ; © FORM, transcript only

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday, Tuntayi Bill Doonday, Nangalaku May Doonday

Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday, Tuntayi Bill Doonday, Nangalaku May Doonday - Barrumundi Dreaming [ORAL HISTORY]
Synopsis: on mini DV cassette: CHAMIA SAMUELS (also contains Bessie May and Bill Doonday and Evelyn Clancy) a. Bill continues story of two emu chased by two dogs that eventually formed part of Paruku (with Bessie) b. Bessie shows their journey and the places they created on the Paruku map a. May tells the story of how barramundi ended up in the east kimberley after starting at Paruku b. Bessie adds to Barramundi story. Bill droving to Wyndham

Date: 2009-04-02
Art centre(s): Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Language spoken: English, Walmajarri
Catalogue number: CSROH_161B_May_Doonday
Date: 2009-04-02
Translated By: Monique La Fontaine
Location Recorded: Billiluna
Latitude/Longitude: -19.584061/127.630717

Cultural Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on Use
Access: Public
Notes: This transcript appears to be truncated early.
Full transcript: Nangalaku May Doonday: Which one that fish one?

Monique La Fontaine: Yes ladies one.

Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday: Yes already talked about that one.

NMD: Long time ago in the Dreamtime, they used to live old people in the lake, one day they saw a flood coming down from the river, they saw lots of fish coming down. All kind of fish, crocodile, shark and barramundi fish and one of them bird he was like a watchman, we call ‘em jalka, he’s a big white great egret and he saw those fish went for this place and he was inviting those fish. He was putting little fish one side and took those other fish back.

He said, ‘That’s strange that fish not belong to this place, too big, it’s just making a noise’, so they took that fish and he take him with his beak, right up to Kununurra somewhere and he dropped that fish, yeah. And now we got little fish, yuway walja.

NMD: That’s a story for kids.

MLF: Yuwah walja, is that a ladies Dreaming?

KBD: Yeah .

NMD: Yeah, they got that Dreaming.

MLF: Turkey Creek got the same Dreaming.

KBD: That for the grandmother was for me Lulu, Megan, Leanne and Leonard … my brother. Trevor and Kevin, that one and Alison. That Dreamtime story they been take him down from … Ngawaiji (father’s mother), from that area now. What’s this place? From Labalany [?] that fish, see.

MLF: That’s a great story. And Bill did you ever work as a drover, were you droving or working on a station?

KBD: Yeah he was working younger, long time, yeah, Billiluna.

MLF: You been droving when you were young?

Tuntayi Bill Doonday: I never go droving. Yeah Wyndham … I was droving, yeah, on this side, territory.

MLF: So you didn’t drove on the Canning Stock Road?

TBD: No. I never drove.

MLF: Any more story you wanna tell him?

END
Video format: on miniDVD/DVD
Video recording: 152 BESSIE MAY, BILL DOONDAY, AND EVELYN CLANCY, CHAMIA SAMUELS
Source: CSROH_161B_May_Doonday
Rights: Cultural Owner & Storyteller: ; © FORM, transcript only

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday

Born: about 1940s

Language Group(s): Walmajarri
Community: Mulan
Art Centre(s): Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
CSR Project role: Artist, contributor
Skin Group: Napangarti
Totem: Ngapa
Country: Paruku, Lake Stretch

Biography: Bessie was born near Billiluna and worked at the old station before travelling to Fitzroy Crossing and Christmas Creek, where her brother Yanpiyarti Ned Cox was living. After returning to Balgo, Bessie’s father, Tiger, and brother, Rex Johns, began advocating for their people to return to Paruku and establish Mulan community.
My brother [Rex Johns] said, ‘We gotta keep the stories alive, the land alive’.

Photographer: Tim Acker
Photograph date: 2009
Photography copyright: © FORM
Format: Image
Source: Images - Catalogue
Category: People
Accession ID: 20131016_FORM_MIRA_B0090_0067

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

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