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Kinyu

Artist(s): Eubena (Yupinya) Nampitjin, Wuntupayi Jane Gimme

Date created: 2007
Art Centre(s): Warlayirti Artists
Size: 184x122
Medium: acrylic on linen

Artwork Story: That waterhole I paint is my own Country.
Eubena (Yupinya) Nampitjin, Nyarna (Lake Stretch), 2007

In 2007 Jane travelled to the Country where her mother and older sisters had grown up. Eubena and Jane painted this canvas together at Kilykily (Well 36). It represents the rock holes and soaks connected to Jarntu.

Location depicted: Kinyu / Jarntu (Well 35)
Place of creation: Well 36
Latitude/Longitude: -22.13954/125.28315

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Eubena (Yupinya) Nampitjin, Wuntupayi Jane Gimme
Catalogue ID: EN/JG/47/WA
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Jason McCarthy
Photograph date: 2009-06-18
Photography copyright: National Museum of Australia
Format: Image
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
Eubena (Yupinya) Nampitjin
born about 1920, died 2013
Manyjilyjarra, Kukatja, Wangkajunga, Putijarra language groups
Nampitjin skin group
Balgo community
Warlayirti Artists
Eubena grew up around Jarntu and Nyirla. With her first husband, Gimme, she travelled north along the Canning Stock Route with the drovers. While raising their six daughters at Balgo mission, Eubena helped Gimme and a local priest compile a Kukatja-language dictionary. Eubena began a famous painting partnership with her second husband, Wimmitji Tjapangarti, and her paintings have inspired the work of many other members of her extended desert family.

Wuntupayi Jane Gimme 
born 1958
Kukatja language group
Nungurrayi skin group
Balgo community
Warlayirti Artists
Born at Tjumuntura, near the old Balgo mission, Jane is the eldest of Eubena (Yupinya) Nampitjin’s surviving daughters. Jane learned from her mother the stories of her Country and the ways of painting it. She is an active artist in her own right and more than once has been elected chairperson of Warlayirti Artists. 

Accession ID: 20131011_FORM_MIRA_B0044_0041

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Tapu

Artist(s): Wakartu Cory Surprise

Date created: 2007
Art Centre(s): Mangkaja Arts Resource Agency
Size: 119.5x119.5
Medium: acrylic on canvas

Artwork Story: From there they all fell down everywhere. They got burned by fire. My brother washed me down then they took us away. We cried all night.

To the west of the Canning Stock Route lies Tapu, the Country of Wakartu’s father. Wakartu was born there, and it is also where her parents and grandparents were killed by fire. Afterwards she left Tapu with her brothers and travelled first to Kaningarra, then Wayampajarti.

Location depicted: Tapu
Place of creation: Mangkaja
Latitude/Longitude: -18.17/125.59

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Wakartu Cory Surprise
Catalogue ID: CS/142/MJ
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Jason McCarthy
Photograph date: 2009-06-17
Photography copyright: National Museum of Australia
Format: Image
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
born about 1929, died 2011
Walmajarri language group
Nyapana skin group
Fitzroy Crossing
Mangkaja Arts
Wakartu grew up around Tapu. When her parents died, she travelled to Kaningarra and Wayampajarti before reaching the station Country. After leaving the desert, she raised seven children while working for the police and on stations, and by trading minerals for rations. The station manager was hitting people, so we ran away [to the] desert to see if we can find any of our people left, but nothing, only all the dead ones. Police tracked us down and put chains around the men.

Accession ID: 20131014_FORM_MIRA_B0045_0020

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Kulyayi

Artist(s): Milkujung Jewess James

Date created: 2007
Art Centre(s): Ngurra Artists, Mangkaja Arts Resource Agency
Size: 118x103.5
Medium: acrylic on canvas

Artwork Story: They killed that jila for that water Kulyayi. They found him at his own waterhole and killed him. My people always used to see him outside the waterhole. Long time ago. We went there lately and I saw that there was hardly any water. Only little bit, enough for birds to drink. Before it was big. Water was full. This is my mother’s and grandfather’s Country, Kulyayi. This is how they slept in the cold weather. They made windbreaks out of spinifex and trees, and fire in the middle in the cold season.

Location depicted: Kulyayi (Well 42)
Place of creation: Ngumpan
Latitude/Longitude: -18.76861/126.03639

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Milkujung Jewess James
Catalogue ID: JJ/141/NG
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Carly Davenport
Photograph date: 2007-11-19
Photography copyright: FORM
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
born about 1940s
Wangkajunga language group
Nakarra skin group
Ngumpan community
Ngurra Artists
My father said, ‘I’m not giving you my kids. You might take them to another place far away from here’. Milkujung was born near Paruku. When the priest at old Balgo mission attempted to put Milkujung and her sister into school, their father fled with them to Kurungal (Christmas Creek station). There Milkujung married Majarrka boss, Wirrali Jimmy James, and raised a family. Today she is a respected law woman in her community.
Artwork Diagram: kulyayi_jewess_james_detail_CORRECTION

Accession ID: 20131014_FORM_MIRA_B0045_0019

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Bush Tucker

Artist(s): Ngilpirr Spider Snell

Date created: 2007
Art Centre(s): Mangkaja Arts Resource Agency
Size: 119.5x89.5
Medium: acrylic on canvas

Artwork Story: Spider Snell is the brother of Jarinyanu David Downs and the ceremonial boss for Kurtal.

I am jila. I am one of his lightnings. I was a good hunter when I was a kid, killing all kinds of animals. I used to cook them and chuck bones in the waterhole. I was a good kid, looking after my own self. My mother and father went hunting sometimes for two days or more. At night I would say, ‘Kurtal, I’m alone, my parents haven’t came back yet. Can you look after me?’

Place of creation: Mangkaja
Latitude/Longitude: -18.17/125.59

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Ngilpirr Spider Snell
Catalogue ID: SS/146/MJ
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Jason McCarthy
Photograph date: 2009-05-22
Photography copyright: National Museum of Australia
Format: Image
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
born about 1925
Wangkajunga language group
Jangkarti skin group
Fitzroy Crossing
Mangkaja Arts
"[I am jila. I am one of his lightnings.

Ngilpirr is the senior custodian of the Kurtal jila and its songs and dances; he has performed and exhibited both nationally and internationally. Like many other desert people with strong ancestral ties to Country, he sees himself as inseparable from the place that gives him his power. As one of Kurtal’s lightning bolts, he passes on this power, and his knowledge of jila law, to his grandsons.

Accession ID: 20131014_FORM_MIRA_B0045_0024

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Natawalu

Artist(s): Mayapu Elsie Thomas

Date created: 2007
Art Centre(s): Ngurra Artists, Mangkaja Arts Resource Agency
Size: 119.5x89.7
Medium: acrylic on canvas

Artwork Story: At Natawalu an Aboriginal man speared a kartiya [white man], then that kartiya got a rifle and shot him. Right [at] Natawalu. Before there was a well there. That’s the place I painted now. He was just coming to get water … then he saw that kartiya. He speared him then, near the water.

Location depicted: Natawalu (Well 40)

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Mayapu Elsie Thomas
Catalogue ID: MET/147/MJ
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Jason McCarthy
Photograph date: 2009-05-19
Photography copyright: National Museum of Australia
Format: Image
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
born about 1934, died 2012
Wangkajunga language group
Nampijin skin group
Wangkatjungka community
Ngurra Artists
Mayapu was born at Pinga and grew up in the Country around Kukapanyu (Well 39). She married Karntakarnta Billy Thomas’s brother, Sheepman, and raised a family at Christmas Creek station. Today she is married to George Tuckerbox.

We used to walk until we came to the Canning Stock Road … That was where [the bullocks] travelled … along the wells … That’s where they used to spear bullocks, my father and Kuji’s [Rosie Goodjie’s] father.

Accession ID: 20131014_FORM_MIRA_B0045_0025

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Jilji

Artist(s): Taku Rosie Tarco

Date created: 2007
Art Centre(s): Mangkaja Arts Resource Agency
Size: 119x89
Medium: acrylic on canvas

Artwork Story: Too much jilji [sandhills] in our Country.

Up and down, up and down. Kartiya [white people] get sick of it. The Canning Stock Route runs through hundreds of kilometres of rugged sandhill country. The long, reverberating lines in this painting represent the high red sandhills, or jilji, that dominate much of the Great Sandy Desert.

Everyone was leaving the Country then. We came out of the desert at old Billiluna. We came this way, through the Canning Stock Route. People cried when they sat with me because I was so skinny. I had no mother to look after me, poor thing. And now look at me. I’m the fattest one!

Location depicted: jilji
Place of creation: Mangkaja
Latitude/Longitude: -18.17/125.59

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Taku Rosie Tarco
Catalogue ID: RT/148/MJ
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Jason McCarthy
Photograph date: 2009-05-18
Photography copyright: National Museum of Australia
Format: Image
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
born about 1935
Juwaliny language group
Nangkarti skin group
Wangkatjungka community
Fitzroy Crossing
Mangkaja Arts
I was only a kid, what you call a little manga [girl]. I went travelling and left my Country. We walked a long, long way. I had to leave my mother behind.

Taku was born at Japingka. During a period of intense drought in the Great Sandy Desert that lasted from 1956 to 1964, she travelled north along the stock route with Nada Rawlins’s family.

Accession ID: 20131014_FORM_MIRA_B0045_0026

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Kalyilyi

Artist(s): Nyangkarni Penny K-Lyons

Art Centre(s): Mangkaja Arts Resource Agency
Size: 120x90
Medium: acrylic on canvas

Place of creation: Mangkaja
Latitude/Longitude: -18.17/125.59

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Nyangkarni Penny K-Lyons
Catalogue ID: PKL/149/MJ
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Tim Acker
Photograph date: 2008-06-15
Photography copyright: FORM
Format: Image
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
born about 1932
Juwaliny, Walmajarri language groups
Nangkarti skin group
Wangkatjungka community
Mangkaja Artists
We are lost in our Country. Nobody’s here.

Nyangkarni’s sister, Taku Rosie Tarco, brother, Kurrapa Peter Skipper, and parents walked out of the desert before her. She and her grandmother encountered two murderers preying on the last of the desert people. One man killed Nyangkarni’s grandmother and forced Nyangkarni to be his wife. They travelled north to Christmas Creek station where Nyangkarni reunited with family.

Accession ID: 20131014_FORM_MIRA_B0045_0027

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Nyilnigil

Artist(s): Nyangkarni Penny K-Lyons

Date created: 2007
Art Centre(s): Mangkaja Arts Resource Agency
Size: 88.5x89
Medium: acrylic on canvas

Artwork Story: This painting depicts Nyilnigil, a big water in Nyangkarni’s Country, which is surrounded by white trees called tinjil-pa. Nyangkarni was the last of the desert people to travel north from her homeland in the jila Country to the Fitzroy Valley. Her sister, Taku Rosie Tarco, and brother, Kurrapa Peter Skipper ( Jukuna Mona Chuguna’s husband), had left the desert before her. Nyangkarni had been kidnapped by a man who had killed her grandmother and taken her as his wife. She cleverly led him north to the stations where her family were living, stopping to drink and hunt at various waters along the way.

Location depicted: Nyilnigil
Place of creation: Mangkaja
Latitude/Longitude: -18.17/125.59

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Nyangkarni Penny K-Lyons
Catalogue ID: PKL/150/MJ
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Carly Davenport
Photograph date: 2009-05-15
Photography copyright: National Museum of Australia
Format: Image
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
born about 1932, died 2011
Juwaliny, Walmajarri language groups
Nangkarti skin group
Wangkatjungka community
Mangkaja Artists
We are lost in our Country. Nobody’s here.

Nyangkarni’s sister, Taku Rosie Tarco, brother, Kurrapa Peter Skipper, and parents walked out of the desert before her. She and her grandmother encountered two murderers preying on the last of the desert people. One man killed Nyangkarni’s grandmother and forced Nyangkarni to be his wife. They travelled north to Christmas Creek station where Nyangkarni reunited with family.

Accession ID: 20131014_FORM_MIRA_B0045_0028

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Ngapawarla Jila

Artist(s): Nyuju Stumpy Brown

Date created: 2007
Art Centre(s): Mangkaja Arts Resource Agency
Size: 59.5X60
Medium: acrylic on canvas

Artwork Story: I been born at this jila. I belong here to this jila now.

This painting depicts Ngapawarla jila, a natural freshwater spring located in a salt lake near Kukapanyu (Well 39).

Location depicted: Ngapawarla jila
Place of creation: Mangkaja
Latitude/Longitude: -18.17/125.59

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Nyuju Stumpy Brown
Catalogue ID: SB/151/MJ
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Jason McCarthy
Photograph date: 2009-05-11
Photography copyright: National Museum of Australia
Format: Image
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
born about 1924, died 2011
Wangkajunga language group
Nampijin skin group
Fitzroy Crossing
Mangkaja Artists
Nyuju is Rover Thomas’s sister. Born at Kukapanyu (Well 39), she grew up in the desert but eventually followed the drovers north along the stock route. She travelled to Balgo mission with her uncle, Jamili, an Aboriginal stockman. Nyuju later moved to Fitzroy Crossing, where she, like her brother, became a pioneering artist in her own right.

Accession ID: 20131014_FORM_MIRA_B0045_0029

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Pankapini

Artist(s): Nyuju Stumpy Brown

Art Centre(s): Mangkaja Arts Resource Agency
Size: 60x60
Medium: acrylic on canvas

Place of creation: Mangkaja
Latitude/Longitude: -18.17/125.59

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Nyuju Stumpy Brown
Catalogue ID: SB/153/MJ
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Tim Acker
Photograph date: 2007-11-20
Photography copyright: FORM
Format: Image
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
born about 1924, died 2011
Wangkajunga language group
Nampijin skin group
Fitzroy Crossing
Mangkaja Artists
Nyuju is Rover Thomas’s sister. Born at Kukapanyu (Well 39), she grew up in the desert but eventually followed the drovers north along the stock route. She travelled to Balgo mission with her uncle, Jamili, an Aboriginal stockman. Nyuju later moved to Fitzroy Crossing, where she, like her brother, became a pioneering artist in her own right.

Accession ID: 20131014_FORM_MIRA_B0045_0031

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

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