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Lake Gregory

Paruku

Artist(s): Kampirr Veronica Lulu, Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday, Wijiji Anna Johns,Japurra Wendy Wise, Mikarri Shirley Brown, Jamiya Chamia Samuels,Tanja Lyn Manson, Nana Daisy Kungah and Kim Mahood

Date created: 2007
Art Centre(s): Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Size: 305.5x138
Medium: acrylic on canvas

Artwork Story: In 2001 the native title rights of the Tjurabalan people were recognised by the Federal Court of Australia. More than 4300 square kilometres of their traditional lake Country was declared to be an Indigenous Protected Area.

Today the Paruku Indigenous Protected Area is managed by Tjurabalan traditional owners. Its diverse activities focus on protecting cultural heritage, managing the Paruku (Lake Gregory) lake system’s ecological biodiversity and passing on traditional knowledge to younger generations.

Kartiya used to keep him, that land, but people knew it was for them. My brother [Rex Johns] said, ‘We gotta keep the stories alive, the land alive. We all staying in Mulan now, that’s our country.’
Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday, Halls Creek, 2007

As part of the management of their lands, Paruku artists have been producing extraordinary hybrid maps, which fuse the topographic detail of Western mapmaking with fields of intricate dotting. This map of Paruku shows the rich plant food and medicinal resources surrounding the lake country and the traditional burning practices still employed by Tjurabalan people to maintain its vitality.

Paruku Indigenous Protected Area Collection

Collection: Nabung Collection
Location depicted: Paruku (Lake Gregory)
Place of creation: Lake Stretch
Latitude/Longitude: -19.0796/128.2542

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Kampirr Veronica Lulu, Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday, Wijiji Anna Johns, Japurra Wendy Wise, Mikarri Shirley Brown, Jamiya Chamia Samuels, Tanja Lyn Manson, Nana Daisy Kungah and Kim Mahood
Catalogue ID: WW/BD/VL/CS/AJ/SB/127/PAR
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Jason McCarthy
Photograph date: 2009-06-26
Photography copyright: National Museum of Australia
Format: Image
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
Kampirr Veronica Lulu
born 1952
Walmajarri language group
Napangarti skin group
Mulan community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
[We always sit together and talk about Paruku. My father used to tell story and sing song for Sturt Creek, teach all the kids.

Lulu was born and grew up around Nyarna (Lake Stretch). Before settling at Mulan in her father’s homeland, she lived at Billiluna station and then Balgo, where she helped establish Palyalatju Maparnpa health service. Today she works for Paruku Indigenous Protected Area and paints for both Paruku and Warlayirti art centres.

Kurpaliny Bessie Doonday
born about 1940s
Walmajarri language group
Napangarti skin group
Mulan community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Bessie was born near Billiluna and worked at the old station before travelling to Fitzroy Crossing and Christmas Creek, where her brother Yanpiyarti Ned Cox was living. After returning to Balgo, Bessie’s father, Tiger, and brother, Rex Johns, began advocating for their people to return to Paruku and establish Mulan community.

My brother [Rex Johns] said, ‘We gotta keep the stories alive, the land alive’.

Wijiji Anna Johns
born 1949, died 2013
Ngardi language group
Nakamarra skin group
Mulan community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
I was schooling there until I got married in 1968. That’s how I got out of the dormitory.

Anna was born at old Balgo but was taken by nuns and raised in the mission, where she learned English before her own Ngardi language. She and her husband, Rex Johns, worked on stations, raised five children and lived at Balgo before setting up Mulan community.

Japurra Wendy Wise
born 1960, died 2011
Walmajarri language group
Nakarra skin group
Mulan community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Wendy was born at Kurungal near Christmas Creek and grew up in Billiluna. She now lives in Mulan, at the northern end of the Canning Stock Route. Wendy is the sister of Milkujung Jewess James and cousin-sister of Clifford Brooks. Her mother married Rover Thomas’s brother, Whisky. She calls Rover ‘Father’ and Nyuju Stumpy Brown ‘Auntie’. Wendy works closely with Paruku Indigenous Protected Area on cultural projects.

Mikarri Shirley Brown
born 1961
Walmajarri language group
Nangala skin group
Mulan community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Shirley is the daughter of Bessie Doonday and Malcolm Brown, whose father was the Billiluna station manager, Len Brown. She was born in Billiluna and grew up with her grandmother in Alice Springs. In 2001 her elders asked her to set up the Paruku Indigenous Protected Area (IPA). Shirley continues to work for the IPA today, running Caring for Country, Ranger and Collecting Traditional Knowledge programs.

Jamiya Chamia Samuels
born about 1939
Walmajarri language group
Nyapuru skin group
Billiluna community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Chamia’s Country is Nyarna (Lake Stretch), where she was born with green budgerigar Dreaming. Chamia’s father, Wimpingkil Roger, was a drover on the Canning Stock Route, and as a girl she worked on Billiluna station. Chamia is a senior and respected law woman and has spent many years teaching children and young women the songs, stories, dances and cultural knowledge of their Country.

Tanja Lyn Manson
born 1944
Walmajarri language group
Nakarra skin group
Billiluna community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
Lyn was born at Moola Bulla station. As a child she walked with her mother to Ruby Plains, where they settled and worked on the station. After her first children were born, Lyn walked to Billiluna, looking for her family. Although many people left Billiluna when the station manager became threatening, Lyn’s family remained and successfully advocated for the establishment of Billiluna community.

Nana Daisy Kungah
born about 1940s
Walmajarri language group
Napanangka skin group
Billiluna community
Paruku Indigenous Protected Area
We doing painting for IPA [Paruku Indigenous Protected Area], telling story about old-people-time.

Daisy belongs to both Paruku, her mother’s Country, and Kaningarra (Well 48), her father’s Country. She was born and grew up in the Sturt Creek area, before coming to Billiluna as a teenager. Today she works closely with the IPA, teaching children about their culture and Country.

Kim Mahood
born 1953 Braidwood, New South Wales
Kim was born in Perth and grew up in Central Australia and in cattle country on Mongrel Downs station in the Tanami Desert. An artist and writer, her memoir Craft for a Dry Lake was published in 2000 and won the 2001 New South Wales Premier’s Award and the Age non-fiction Book of the Year. She has been working with Paruku artists on cultural mapping projects since 2005.
Artwork Diagram: paruku_various_detail

Accession ID: 20131014_FORM_MIRA_B0045_0010

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Katajilkarr to Kaningarra

Katajilkarr to Kaningarra' - Miriam Napanangka. Catalogue Reference: MO/32/PT. Canning Stock Route bush trip 1- 4 August 2007.

Date created: 8/3/2007
Photographer: Tim Acker
Location: Well 36, Kilykily
Latitude/Longitude: -22.13954/125.28315

People: Miriam Napanangka
Art Centre(s): Papunya Tula Artists

Copyright: FORM
Format: Image
Category: Image
Source: 6 Canning Stock Route bush trip 1-4 August 07
Accession ID: 20131213_B0005_0086

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Name: Yanpiyarti Ned Cox

Yanpiyarti Ned Cox and Tom Lawford - Kiki Jukurrpa story [ORAL HISTORY]

Other Speaker/s: Putuparri Tom Lawford

Synopsis: Ned Cox and Tom Lawford tell the story of the Jukurrpa ancestor Kiki.

Date: 2008-09-05
Art centre(s):
Language spoken: Walmajarri, English, Kriol
Catalogue number: CSROH_178_Yanpiyarti_Ned_Cox
Interviewed By: Monique La Fontaine
Translated By: Putuparri Tom Lawford
Location Recorded: Ngumpan
Latitude/Longitude: -18.76/126.03

Cultural Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on Use
Access: Public
Notes: This story was filmed with Putuparri Tom Lawford translating Ned Cox’s story in English for the camera.
Full transcript: Ned Cox [Tom Lawford translates as he speaks]: Kiki from the Dreamtime, Kiki was coming from the sky looking for a place to live, to stay, he was coming down, came down near Lake Gregory. He came down there, went down, went in the water and then he came out of the water when he was feeling hungry. Then he made all these plants to eat, feed, to eat, put them round everywhere, all kind of feeds, all different feeds for him to eat. He even put that feed for the people to eat too, but he put them feed there for him. If he felt hungry after travelling a long way from different places, he made all the plants, the plants grow. Some plants you can grind to make flour, the seeds you can make feed out of it. Some little grapes or something, what kind of feed …

Monique La Fontaine: Berries?

[Tom Lawford confers with Ned Cox in language.]

Unknown Woman: You can use blackfella name for plants, it’s good.

NC: This Kiki made all this feed and he put all them frogs, frogs that people eat, they dig into the sand, they dig em out, dig long way down to get one of those frog … [XX] … all kind of animals, bandicoots, blue tongue lizards, animals, that live out there now, or used to live out there. Lot of them are gone now, extinct, feed out there, what we still eat today from that old fella he made all the animals and plants for him to eat and for the people too, so the people can get a feed.

TL: And that other story he talked about is pearl shell, how pearl shell …

Male Interviewer: There’s another, another, just one moment please …

NC: Ready. Kiki had this stone in Dreamtime, he got a stone, it was white, stone, and he tried to hide it in the lake, that big lake now [Paruku, Lake Gregory], tried to hide it, that stone, inside the water but kept on coming up, floating up, kept on coming up. Trying to hide it somewhere, he still keep on coming up, floating up, you know, he put it down and walked away and it would come up again, then this other fella, other fella come along, other fella come along and found that thing floating in the water and took it, picked it up, took it, and he took it to Broome and chucked it, chucked it in the sea, in the ocean, and from there turned into pearl shell, that’s why we got too many pearl shells in the ocean, it started from Lake Gregory because it didn’t want to hide.

Dreamtime animal, man then, called bandicoot, bandicoot man, he took that [pearl shell], he stole it and he threw it in the ocean near Broome somewhere, and that’s why Broome is rich with pearls, and rest of the story, pearl come from Lake Gregory they kept floating up from the water and this other fella took it, threw in the ocean, that’s why they get pearls from Broome, they took it from here. That’s it.

Male Interviewer: That’s the story, let me just take some pictures of you two listening to …

[Ned Cox asks Tom Lawford to explain more about the mungari [medicine] too]

TL: All them feed, all them tucker that he put out for people, like for healing some, some healing stuff too, you get coldsick used for different plants for different ailments. You know if people got sores use different plant that’s why the old fella he made all that happen for the people.

Male Interviewer: Okay, now just watch Ned.

END


Video recording: Ngumpan Workshop 2008- Ned Cox, Parak, Nada Rawlins, Last Night, Dancing
Source: CSROH_178_Yanpiyarti_Ned_Cox
Rights: Cultural Owner & Storyteller: Yanpiyarti Ned Cox; © FORM, transcript only

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Sturt Creek

Aboriginal name: Tjurabalan

Place description: The fertile Country around Sturt Creek supported large groups of Aboriginal people. It was also an important meeting and ceremonial place, where people from many language groups would gather for law and trade.

Traditional knowledge: The child Tommy, whom Canning’s party had picked up near Jilkupuka in the south, was sometimes handcuffed to guides when they wanted to relieve themselves to prevent their escape, Blake alleged. Near Sturt Creek, Blake claimed that Trotman chained a man through the piercing in his nose instead.

… at Gregory’s Salt Sea … another was captured and brought in, giving us three natives in the camp including the boy Tommy. One was chained up and the other was not. The man captured there could talk a little English, he could say “pocketknife”, and we knew we were getting near to the Sturt. That was about October 11. On one occasion the little boy made us aware of the fact that the lately captured nigger wanted to relieve nature. Trotman said, “I will give you a “goona” (meaning that he would assist him to relieve himself). Then, instead of fastening the end of the chain to the little boy’s ankle he put it through the hole in the nigger’s nose. (Edward Blake in testimony to the Royal Commission to Inquire into the Treatment of Natives by the Canning Exploration Party, 1908. Question 413)

-19.23077/128.060331
Related art centre(s): Other

Media title: A large group at Sturt Creek, 1906
Media creator: Alfred Canning
Date: 1906

Media description: This photograph of people at Sturt Creek was taken by Alfred Canning on the stock route survey expedition in 1906.
Media Copyright: Courtesy Royal Geographical Society
Format: Image
Accession ID: FORM_MIRA_B0088_0038

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Katajilkarr to Kaningarra

Artist(s): Miriam Napanangka

Date created: 2007
Art Centre(s): Papunya Tula Artists
Size: 77.4x53.7
Medium: acrylic on linen

Artwork Story: This painting recalls part of the artist’s journey walking north along the Canning Stock Route towards Balgo in 1958. The central circle is Kaningarra rock hole (near Well 48), where her family stopped to rest and drink. From there, Miriam and her family followed the wells north to Paruku (Lake Gregory), finally arriving at old Balgo mission.

Location depicted: Katajilkarr (Well 43) to Kaningarra (Well 48)
Place of creation: Well 36
Latitude/Longitude: -22.13954/125.28315

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Miriam Napanangka
Catalogue ID: MO/32/PT
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Jason McCarthy
Photograph date: 2009-05-14
Photography copyright: National Museum of Australia
Format: Image
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
born about 1950
Kukatja, Manyjiljarra language groups
Napanangka skin group
Kiwirrkurra community
Papunya Tula Artists
Miriam is the daughter of Wimmitji Tjapangarti, and the sister of Lucy Yukenbarri. Miriam was a young girl when a helicopter landed at Natawalu, taking her young brother-in-law to Balgo. She and her family group did not follow the helicopter to Balgo immediately, but went back hunting around Kukapanyu (Well 39) before deciding to travel north to the mission. Miriam is married to Patrick Tjungurrayi.

Accession ID: 20131011_FORM_MIRA_B0044_0026

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

Title: Katajilkarr to Kaningarra
Artist(s): Miriam Napanangka

Date created: 2007
Art Centre(s): Papunya Tula Artists
Size: 77.4x53.7
Medium: acrylic on linen

Artwork Story: This painting recalls part of the artist’s journey walking north along the Canning Stock Route towards Balgo in 1958. The central circle is Kaningarra rock hole (near Well 48), where her family stopped to rest and drink. From there, Miriam and her family followed the wells north to Paruku (Lake Gregory), finally arriving at old Balgo mission.

Location depicted: Katajilkarr (Well 43) to Kaningarra (Well 48)
Place of creation: Well 36
Latitude/Longitude: -22.13954/125.28315

Artwork copyright: ©2013 Miriam Napanangka
Catalogue ID: MO/32/PT
Protocols: Public Access - Restrictions on use

Photographer: Jason McCarthy
Photograph date: 5/14/2009
Photography copyright: NMA
Format: Image
Category: Artwork

Artist(s) biography:
born about 1950
Kukatja, Manyjiljarra language groups
Napanangka skin group
Kiwirrkurra community
Papunya Tula Artists
Miriam is the daughter of Wimmitji Tjapangarti, and the sister of Lucy Yukenbarri. Miriam was a young girl when a helicopter landed at Natawalu, taking her young brother-in-law to Balgo. She and her family group did not follow the helicopter to Balgo immediately, but went back hunting around Kukapanyu (Well 39) before deciding to travel north to the mission. Miriam is married to Patrick Tjungurrayi.

Accession ID: 20131011_FORM_MIRA_B0044_0026

Provenance: This material is sourced from Ngurra Kuju Walyja — the Canning Stock Route Project, which was initiated in 2006 by FORM and developed in partnership with Birriliburu, Kayili, KALACC, Mangkaja, Martumili, Ngurra, Papunya Tula, Paruku IPA, Warlayirti and Yulparija artists and art centres.

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